5 World Wonders of Tamil Nadu

We’ve already seen some mysterious temples of India. If you want to go through it again, you can find it here Top 5 mysterious temples in India

Now we’re going to see some 5 constructions in Tamil Nadu which are competing with current world wonders.

We have seven wonders in this world, which are astonishing and great to see. When I look at this world wonders I got a question in my mind that do we have only 7 wonders in this world? No other constructions are greatly impressed to attain the prestigious position? Why do we stuck with 7 wonders? I can understand that the world wonders are selected based on the people vote, but there are some monuments which are far beyond the wonders of this world forever.

When I looked around my motherland Tamil Nadu which is considered to be the oldest man-made civilization in this world, I could find more admiring and stunning constructions which are still remarkable till today.

Let us see the list of new world wonders:

  1. Christ the Redeemer
  2. Taj Mahal
  3. Machu Picchu
  4. Chichen Itza
  5. The Colosseum
  6. Petra
  7. Great Wall of China

The Great Pyramid of Giza, largest and oldest of the three pyramids at the Giza Necropolis in Egypt and the only survivor of the original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, was granted honorary status.

I totally accept the fact that these are great monuments, but I consider there are few more monuments which are left to list under great wonders of the world.

1.Granite Temple:

Brahadeswara temple

We’ve already seen some mysterious facts about this temple in our earlier post,  Top 5 mysterious temples in India. This temple is located in Thanjavur, Tamilnadu, India (10° 46′ 58″ N, 79° 7′ 54″ E). It is one of the largest South Indian temples and an exemplary example of fully realized Tamilian architecture. It is also known as Peruvudaiyar Kovil, dedicated to Lord Shiva and it is completely constructed with granite rock. There are no stones, bricks nor woods used in this temple construction.

A unique interlocking technique of rocks been used for this temple construction instead of cementing the sculptured rocks. This temple aging 1009 years (Built on 1010AD). This temple was built in the year 1010 by Chola ruler Raja Raja Chozha I, the most ambitious king the world had ever seen. This is the only major temple in the world, which is made full of granite stones, one of the hardest materials on the Earth.

This temple has been declared as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Its 13-storey building height is about 66 meters (216 feet). Above these storey’s is a single square block of granite weight 80 tons, and 7.77 meters (25.5 ft) side. One lakh thirty thousand weigh of granite rock was used for this temple construction. This is the tallest temple in India during that century.

More than one lakh of prisoners were used to build this temple and it took seven years to complete this construction. Also think about the armed forces which are equipped to control the huge enemy prisoners to get in control over them and to feed them for three times a day for seven years, how rich their agriculture yield would’ve been.

The interesting part is there are no traces of Granite rocks in and around Thanjavur for 70 Km radius, then how and from where did these huge rocks transported from? And how did they fine carve the sculptures on the hardest rock? Imagine the brilliance of the people who made this huge construction with high accuracy. This temple has faced six huge earthquakes and still going strong without any effect is a real wonder.

Unlike Pisa tower which is tilted after few years of its construction started, this Tamil temple hasn’t tilted even a single degree despite facing six earthquakes in these ten centuries. Just think how wonderful is Peruvudaiyar temple.

2.Music Stone Temple:

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This Temple is located in Tirunelveli (8°43’39″N   77°41’15″E), a city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Temple named Nellaiappar is a Hindu temple dedicated to the deity Shiva. In this Nellaiyappar temple, gentle taps on the cluster of pillars which are carved out of a single piece of rock can produce the keynotes of our Indian classical music.

You can hear the sapthaswarangal (the seven basic Music notes) come like a wave from the stone pieces. Archaeologists date the temple before the 7th century and say it was built by successive rulers of the Pandyan dynasty. Each huge musical pillar carved from one piece of rock comprises a cluster of smaller columns and stands testimony to a unique understanding of the sound.

In South Tamilnadu, there are several temples having these Musical pillars, which are in AzhavarThirunagari, Tenkasi, Kalakaadu, Kuttralam, ShenbagaramaNallur, Kanyakumari. But the pillars of Tirunelveli completely stand out.

What is unique about the musical stone pillars in the Tirunelveli Nellaiyappar temple is the fact you have a cluster as large as 48 musical pillars carved from one piece of stone respectively, a delight to both the ears and the eyes. It is really a wonder how our ancestors procured Music from a stone is simply mind-blowing.

 

3.Kallanai dam:

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Kallanai (10° 49′ 48.6″ N, 78° 49′ 7.62″ E) also known as the Grand Anicut is an ancient dam, which is built (in ferocious running water) across the Kaveri river in Tamil Nadu. This dam was constructed by the Chola King Karikalan in the First Century. Even considered to be the world’s first man-made dam in running water.

The dam has a strong foundation as well as a solid design. Due to its stunning engineering methodology, the dam is still an inspiration to most of the modern dams.  Kallanai dam is still used for various irrigation needs in Tamil Nadu.

The important feature of this dam is that no binding materials like limestone or cement were used. It was constructed by the method of interlocking the granite stones like Thanjavur, Peruvudaiyar Temple.

The wonderful part of the dam is how brilliant they built the dam over the heavy flowing river and how strong the construction was which is still being used by peoples.

4.Chidambaram Temple:

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We’ve already discussed some interesting facts in our previous article Secret science behind Nataraja Temple and its connectivity with ‘theory of relativity. It is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Nataraja as the lord of dance – in ChidambaramTamil Nadu(11° 23′ 58″ N, 79° 41′ 36″ E). This temple has traced in the Tamil literature sung 4000 years ago, so not sure about the exact time of the temple built.

In this Temple, the magnetic equator passes, which means magnetic dip is zero at this location. Temple also located at 11-degrees latitude. On this co-ordinate, the Spinning Earth has outward force called centrifugal force. At this degree, the centrifugal force is directed upward, so this will help to channelize our energies upward to the cosmos which in turn enhances our spiritual power.

Also, if you look closely at the temple construction, the roof has 21600 tiles(later golden tiles has been procured), denoting the number of times a person can breathe in a day. These tiles are fixed to the wooden roof with the help of 72000 nails depicting the number of veins. On the top of the roof, we can find 9 kalasas indicating the 9 gateways in the human body.

The mandapa next to the artha mandapa has 18 pillars symbolizing the 18 Puranas. The roof has 64 cross wooden reapers denoting the 64 kinds of art. As the heart is to the left of the body, the sanctum is slightly aligned to the left side. The chit Sabha roof is supported by 4 pillars symbolizing the 4 Vedas.

If we travel out in space and look at our cosmos it will be in the shape of the Nataraja deity. Time Travel techniques are possible if we intently monitor the cosmic dance as it was closely identified with Albert Einstein ‘Theory of Relativity‘.  How come our Tamil ancestors were able to view the cosmos at those ages and how brilliant they are when it comes to cosmic cum geographical knowledge.

5.Keeladi:

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Keeladi (9.8631° N, 78.1821° E)is a small village near Silaiman on the border between Madurai and Sivagangai districts in Tamil Nadu, India. Keeladi excavation site is a Sangam period residence that is being excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India. This is a large scale excavation carried out in Tamil Nadu till date.  Till date, 100000 inscriptions and monuments have been found all over the world. Among that 1 lakh, 65000 repositories are from India whereas 45000 witnesses are of Tamil Brahmi scripts.

Keeladi is the potential archaeological site to provide most important evidence to understand the cultural transformation of Tamil people from Iron Age to Early historic period and further developments that took place in subsequent periods in Vaigai river valley.

The area planned to excavate is spread over 80 acres with a 3.5 km radius, but the fact is the Archaeological Department has only completed 0.5 acres. And the dates of the excavated remains are between 3rd century BCE and 3rd century CE.

More than 10 buildings have been found in the bottom. This is strong proof that this is a developed city. The excavation has changed the claim that there were no buildings in the Sangam period. Water supply and wastewater management are considered as important landmarks of civil development. At the bottom, there are buildings with sewage canal facility that are made of the ceramic tube.

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Keeladi is found to be an ancient advanced civilization in history. As they dig deeper, we might see a bigger and older civilization than the world anticipates. This will rewrite the history of ancient India.

Amarnath Ramakrishnan, the Superintendent of Archeology division, has said that the Government of Tamil Nadu and India did not show any interest in setting up a museum in Keeladi and therefore no efforts have been made further to explore Keeladi to showcase the repositories to the rest of the world.

If the abandoned civilization and lost city are considered to be the world wonders then the present Keeladi civilization can also be considered to be the wonders of the world.

We just shared our grievous on why did we miss these wonders to be left noticed by the rest of the world. If abounded civilizations, a tall iron pillar, white marble construction, leaning tower, broken garden are considered to the world wonders then the above irresistible monuments are really world wonders even if they aren’t in the list.

 

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